ICAR-Central Institute of Fisheries Education, India
Title: Advances in aquatic animal health management
Biography: K Pani Prasad
Diseases are recognized as one of the major constraints to global aquaculture production and are responsible for the severe\r\nimpact on both the economic and socio-economic development in many countries of the world. One of the greatest\r\nchallenges and opportunities for expansion of sustainable aquaculture has been proven to be in managing the health of aquatic\r\norganisms. Eff ective disease control is paramount within aquatic farming systems to stop the spread of infectious pathogens.\r\nAny successful health management programme should monitor the health status of the fi sh, identify and manage risks to fi sh\r\nhealth, reduce exposure to or spread of pathogens and manage the use of antibiotics/ chemicals. Th e success of any farm operation\r\ndepends on health management systems implemented. Th e rapid detection of pathogens in infected fi sh, both clinically and\r\nsub-clinically, is desirable for eff ective health management in aquaculture. Traditional bacteriology, virology, parasitology and\r\nmycology are appropriate for detection of common, easily cultured pathogens; however, for many pathogens these methods\r\ncan be expensive, time-consuming and might not lead to defi nitive diagnosis being mad, even when complemented with\r\nhistological evidence. In addition to the traditional techniques used in fi sh disease diagnostics, a few modern methods like\r\nLAMP, Real time PCR, Lateral fl ow, micro technologies which mainly include bio-barcode assay are highlights. Also, in vaccine\r\nand immunodiagnostic kit development, surface display technique and egg yolk antibody production are emerging in fi sh\r\nhealth management and diagnosis.